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India Protests U.S. Navy Freedom of Navigation Operation

April 15, 2021

Episode Notes:

The USS John Paul Jones carried out a freedom of navigation operation off the coast of India on April 7. According to the U.S. 7th Fleet, the operation took place, “approximately 130 nautical miles west of the Lakshadweep Islands, inside India’s exclusive economic zone, without requesting India’s prior consent, consistent with international law.” The Indian government protested the move, saying that it violated India’s interpretation of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea.

Peter Dutton — a retired commander in the U.S. Navy and a professor in the Strategic and Operational Research Department at the Naval War College — joins the Warcast to discuss the FONOP off the Indian coast, and how U.S. ratification of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea could reinforce America’s position in competition with China.


[ 01:14 ] What happened during the U.S. Navy’s FONOP recent off the coast of India?

[ 02:35 ] What is the nature of the differing legal interpretations between the United States and other countries?

[ 04:08 ] What role does the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea play in ensuring freedom of navigation?

[ 05:00 ] To what extent would the United States benefit from ratifying the treaty, and would doing so deliver practical benefits to Washington.

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