When Russia Howls, Turkey Moves

Of Turkey’s near-dozen neighbors, there is just one that Ankara really fears: Russia. This is rooted in history stretching back to the Ottoman Empire. At some point in the past, the Ottoman Turks ruled over or defeated all of modern Turkey’s neighbors from Greece to Syria. The exception is Russia. Between the 15th century, when the Ottoman and Russian empires became neighbors, and 1917, the year of the Bolshevik revolution, the Turks and Russians fought at least 17 wars.  Russia instigated every single one, and the Turks subsequently lost all of them. With good reason, across the ages Turkish elites … Continue reading When Russia Howls, Turkey Moves